Abaya, an overgarment worn by Muslim women, is required wear in Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Iran.
Head to Toe Covering
The Burqa, made world-known by the Taliban regime in Afghanistan, is a head to toe covering donned outside the sanctuary
of the home. A burqa is a form of hijab, or practice of modesty, often cited as a Quranic requirement of the practice
of Islam; however, the requirement to cover the body from head to toe comes from the hadith not from the Quran
Caftan - A long, wide-sleeved robe worn by men in the Middle East.
Cassock - A long, robe-like garment worn by members of the clergy.
Chador is a full-length semi-circle of fabric open down the front. It is thrown over the head and held shut in front
by the hands or by wrapping the ends around the waist. Traditionally, the chador was worn by Shia across Persia and the Middle
East dependent on religious devotion but the 1979 Iranian Revolution made the wear mandatory outside the home.
Dashiki - A colorful African robe.
Dhoti - A long rectangular piece of cloth traditionally worn by men in India. It can be wrapped in various ways,
either around the waist like a sarong or between the legs as well.
Dishdasha, also knowns as thobe, is a loose, long-sleeved, ankle-length dress for men, worn in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait,
and other countries in that region. It is similar to the djellabah, but without a hood. Summer thobes are white
and made of cotton, and winter thobes can be darker and made of wool.
Djelaba, or Djellabah, is long, loose-fitting hooded robe or gown worn by men in North Africa, and especially in
Morocco. Unlike Jilbab, it does not have buttons or zipper, it is pulled over your head. It has a hood.
There are models both for men and women.
Fustanella - A short pleated skirt of white cloth worn by men in Greece and Albania.
Galabiyah - A long, full, shirt-like garment worn by men in Egypt.
Gho, in place of forbidden trousers, a knee-length dress, with a sash at the waist, and long stockings are
worn in the Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan.
Hakama - A Japanese outer garment, worn by men and women, which comes in both bifurcated and unbifurcated versions, both
having a pleated, skirt-like appearance. The hakama pants, with a split between the legs, are most common and often
seen in martial arts. However, the hakama used for traditional Japanese dances and formal ceremonies is usually unbifurcated
and worn over a full-length kimono.
Jilbab, an overcoat with buttons or zipper in the front (half-way or all the way down). This is the most common
type outer-garment among Muslim Women all over the world.
Khaliji is an overgarment worn by belly dancers from or performing dances from the Arab Gulf states.
Kikoi or kikoy (pronounced kee-koy) - A cotton wrap skirt, with colored bands or stripes, worn by men and women in Kenya
and other parts of East Africa.
Kimono - A loose, wide-sleeved robe, fastened at the waist with a wide sash, worn by men and women in Japan. A
light-weight cotton variety is called a yukata.
Lungi - A short rectangular piece of cloth wrapped around the thighs, worn by men in southern India.
Männerrock - "Man-skirt" in Germany. This is a recent fashion development, typified by the Men-in-Time skirts,
illustrated on the right.
Native American kilts and skirts, sapeta - Various kilt- and skirt-like garments have been traditionally worn by
males in native tribes throughout North and South America.
Robe - A long, loose, flowing outer garment. Some varieties are worn for religious or ceremonial purposes.
Robes are often worn by Buddhist monks. The names of which vary and follow: Kasaya (variegated color robe) or Jinlan
(kasaya woven with gold thread) Shamtab lowest layer; skirt-like robe Donka mid layer; shirt-like robe Zen is red
robe; outer garment Chogyu is yellow robe; outer garment Pulu and kasaya
Sarong is a skirt-like garment, traditionally worn by both men and women in the Pacific Islands. Usually the skirts consist
of colorful cloth wrapped around the body in various ways. The most familiar name for this type of garment is "sarong," but
different names are used for similar garments throughout the Pacific.
Kain - A skirt worn by men and women in Malaysia, which is similar to the sarong, except that its ends are sewn together.
Kikepa - Colorful wrap skirts for men and women in Hawaii.
Laplap - A length of cloth wrapped around the lower or entire body by both males and females in Papua New Guinea and
surrounding islands. It was introduced by Europeans who were offended by native dress.
Lava -lava - A draped, kilt-like garment of cotton print worn by Polynesians, especially Samoans.
Longyi - An ankle length, wrapped skirt (cotton or silk) worn by nearly all Burmese men and women. The men tie their
longyi in the front whereas the women tie theirs on the side. A more formal, male version of the longyi is the paso.
Wearing of the longyi is encouraged by a national dress policy instituted by the government of Burma (Myanmar), but it is
also a matter of comfort, due to the extreme heat and humidity.
Pareo or pareu - Tahitian word for a rectangular piece of cloth worn in Polynesia as a wraparound skirt or loincloth.
Sarong - A length of brightly colored cloth wrapped about the waist and hanging as a skirt, worn by both men and women
in Indonesia, the Malay Archipelago, and the Pacific islands. (From the Malay word for sheath or covering.)
Sulu - A skirt worn by men in Fiji. (The accompanying photograph shows men in the Fiji legislature all wearing sulus.)
Tupenu - A wrap-around, skirt-like cloth worn by males in the island nation of Tonga, both for formal occasions and as
normal work attire. These are usually of a dark, solid color and extend below the knee. Women wear a similar
garment that is ankle-length. A sash, called a ta’ovala, is also worn around the waist by both men and women for
Sapeta - A skirt-like garment worn by men and boys of the Tarahumara Indian tribe in Mexico.
Tunic - A gown-like outer garment, usually around knee-length, either short-sleeved or sleeveless, and sometimes belted
at the waist.